Klonopin (Clonazepam) Recovery Guide
Substance abuse has made its mark in the United States, and its cost can be catastrophic on a personal and societal level. In the United States alone, substance abuse costs more than $740 billion per year including costs attributed to healthcare, crime, and loss of work productivity.1(cost of SA) Substance abuse and addiction are responsible for damaging people’s health, family relationships, criminal records, and finances. No one is immune to developing an addiction to substances.
All 50 states are battling the impact of substance abuse on people, families, and communities, and Nevada, where illicit drug use is an ongoing problem, is no exception. Nevada’s substance use statistics seem to reflect slightly higher numbers than the national average. For example, the national average for illicit drug use among children 12 and over was 3.42% in 2015-2016. The state of Nevada reflected a higher average of 3.57%.2
An unfortunate component of substance abuse is overdose, which can be irreversible or fatal. Many types of drugs can lead to overdose. The number of deaths is on the rise: in 2016, overdose accounted for 64,000 deaths, more than the number of fatalities caused by car accidents. The drug overdose death rate rose from 11.5 to 21.7 per 100,000 people from 1999 to 2016.2
Prescription drugs such as Klonopin have the potential to be abused. Those who use Klonopin are at risk of developing tolerance, physical dependence, and addiction. Overdose can occur with Klonopin, and the risk of overdose increases if Klonopin is combined with other substances such as opioids and alcohol.
The purpose of this article is to educate readers on the effects, dangers, and treatment methods available for Klonopin addiction.
What is Klonopin Prescribed For?
Klonopin—also referred to as clonazepam—is one of more than a dozen different types of benzodiazepines that are prescribed to treat a number of physiological and mental health issues. Some other commonly known benzodiazepines include Xanax, Valium, and Ativan. Available only through a prescription from a doctor or medical professional, they are Schedule IV drugs due to their addictive properties and potential for misuse, abuse, and addiction.
Benzodiazepines slow down the central nervous system and induce feelings of sedation and sleepiness.3 They are prescribed to treat a variety of disorders including:4
- Generalized anxiety disorder and other anxiety-related disorders.
- Seizure disorders.
- Central nervous system disorders.
- Muscle spasms.
- Muscle tension and tightness.
Due to its sedative effect, Klonopin is a frontrunner in its desirability and has the possibility for misuse and abuse.
Common Side Effects of Klonopin
As with most substances, including prescription medications, short-term and long-term side effects are associated with Klonopin use. They range from mild to severe. Common side effects of Klonopin include:5
- Changes in sex drive.
- Frequent urination.
- Problems with physical coordination.
- Blurred vision.
- Increased production of saliva.
- Difficulty thinking and focusing.
- Memory problems.
- Loss of balance and unsteadiness.
A doctor or medical professional should be notified if any of these side effects persist or become severe.
Serious and potentially life-threatening side effects are possible with Klonopin. A doctor should be notified if the following side effects are present: 5
- Facial swelling of the eyes, lips, mouth, or tongue.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Difficulty breathing.
Klonopin Dependence & Addiction
As mentioned earlier, Klonopin has the potential to be abused. Its sedative effects make it desirable even for people who don’t meet the criteria for a prescription. Those who take Klonopin are at risk of developing tolerance to the drug as well as physical dependence. Dependence, tolerance, and addiction are all associated with substance use, but they are distinctly different. Each term refers to a different point in the substance use process.
Tolerance can be thought of as the least severe stage. The term refers to the body’s ability to absorb the drug over time, meaning an increased amount of it is required to achieve the same effect. For example, if someone is prescribed Klonopin for the treatment of anxiety, over time their dosage may need to be increased to produce the same anti-anxiety effects as when the drug was initially taken.
The term dependence refers to the body’s physical dependence on the drug after use for a period of time. Without the constant consumption of the drug, the body is at risk of going through physical and psychological withdrawal. Duration, severity, and kinds of withdrawal will be explored further later on. Generally speaking, withdrawals can be very uncomfortable and even fatal.
Addiction reflects the last stage of substance abuse and refers to the point at which a person continues to chronically use a substance despite experiencing significant negative consequences due to its use.
Withdrawal is another side effect of Klonopin and can be uncomfortable, irreversible, and even fatal. Withdrawal symptoms can be physical and psychological. Common withdrawal symptoms include: 6
- Racing heart.
- Changes in mood and mood swings.
- Panic attacks.
- Muscle aches and spasms.
- Difficulty falling and staying asleep.
Klonopin Abuse Symptoms
It is important to remember that addiction looks different for each person. Symptoms of addiction can be seen across many facets of one’s life as they impact behavior, appearance, and financial status. Common signs of addiction to look out for include:7
- Physical tremors.
- Suicidal tendencies.
- Self-harming behavior.
- Difficulty sleeping.
- Inability to function and adhere to responsibilities without the drug.
- Inability to reduce or stop use.
On a positive note, Klonopin addiction is treatable, and specialized treatment centers are available to address the specifics of Klonopin addiction. Due to the severity of withdrawal symptoms, many people choose to receive treatment (including detoxification services) in a professional setting such as a substance abuse treatment center.
Klonopin Rehab Options
Treatment for Klonopin and benzodiazepine addiction should be completed under the supervision of medical and addiction specialists. It usually begins with a slow detoxification process to safely eliminate the drug from the body while making the person as comfortable as possible.7 Detox is generally followed by an inpatient substance abuse program to address the underlying causes of addiction and teach patients strategies for living life without Klonopin.
Klonopin Rehab Programs Near Me
A substance abuse treatment facility can ensure that you’ll receive the care and support you need to live a successful life after addiction. Treatment plans are tailored to your addiction, unique needs, and future recovery goals.
As a leading provider of rehab for benzodiazepines like Klonopin in Nevada and across the nation, there’s always a local option available for people seeking treatment. For more information, you may call our confidential helpline at 702-800-2682.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2020). Costs of substance abuse.
- University of Nevada Las Vegas. (2017). Addiction and substance abuse in Nevada.
- S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration. (2017). Drugs of abuse.
- Griffin, C.E., Kaye, A.M. & Kaye, A.D. (2013). The Oschner Journal. 13(2). Benzodiazepine pharmacology and central nervous-system mediated effects. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3684331/
- S. National Library of Medicine. (2021). Clonazepam.
- Drug and Alcohol Services South Australia. (2015). Benzodiazepines: Reasons to stop and stopping use.
- Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior. (2021). Benzodiazepine addiction.
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